Have you ever wondered what an obsessive-compulsive disorder is and how it happens? Do you want to understand why your sister or your friend has such a condition? Learn and understand what OCD really is.
Often known as OCD, obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that is quite common among all psychological conditions.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is actually composed of two aspects in a single disease. OCD sufferers have obsessions or thoughts that a sufferer cannot stop thinking about. Obsessions are commonly overwhelming, automatic, frequent, distressing, and difficult to control. Common obsessions include fear of disease, blaspheming God, getting hurt, or hurting others. A sufferer would obsess about something he or she fears the most.
A way to remove these obsessions is to give in to compulsions or repetitive behavior that seeks to “wash away” the former. This could consist of repeated checking of locks and windows at night, washing of hands, cleaning, and other ritualistic behavior done repeatedly in order to take away the obsession.
OCD sufferers know that their ritualistic behaviors and obsessions are not rational; however, they are compelled to continue with their movements in order to fend off panic and dread. This makes the illness especially frustrating and vexing, and sufferers live in an anxious state for a long time. This also leads to immense stress, making individuals develop a deadening of spirit, a numbing frustration, or sense of hopelessness, in addition to depression. Nevertheless, sufferers can actually still remain functional and successful in their chosen careers.
For most sufferers, treatment of this condition includes cognitive behavioral therapy. With this kind of therapy, the underlying triggers for compulsions are revealed and individuals are taught to do something else in order not to do one thing compulsively. Behavioral therapy acts on the level of the behaviors and they are consequently not reinforced. Drugs can help to alleviate symptoms of depression or anxiety. Eventually, an OCD sufferer begins to feel better, and with a combination of treatments, obsessive thoughts become less of a worry. Compulsive behaviors are reduced as well.
As this is a particularly frustrating disorder, OCD sufferers need to have affirmation from other people and loved ones. In time, this makes people with OCD feel better, and this affirmation could speed up their treatment.